Pulse oximetry is a device that allows to measure blood-oxygen saturation level and pulse rate of a patient through a non-invasive technique. It is carried out in a few minutes without any pain or discomfort.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension occurs when the systolic reading is 140 or higher, or the diastolic reading is 90 or lesser.
High Blood Pressure is further classified into two types:
Primary Hypertension: Gradual rise in blood pressure due to obesity, alcohol, smoking, diet, and heredity.
Secondary Hypertension: Rise in blood pressure due to some other medical condition.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Symptoms of High blood pressure are hard to detect, but in early stages, patient might experience headaches, shortness of breath, nausea, dizzy spells, and nosebleeds.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
There are no proven causes of hypertension. Approximately, out of every 3 people in America, 1 has high blood pressure. The fact that it cannot be cured, but only controlled by bringing lifestyle changes, makes it even more serious.
Risk Factors for High Blood Pressure
People that are experiencing one or more of the following are likely to develop high blood pressure:
- Family history of high blood pressure
- People above the age of 35
- Medical condition such as kidney disease and sleep apnea
- Reduced level of potassium or Vitamin D
- Intake of excessive amount of salt in food
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Consumption of oral contraceptives
- Use of tobacco
Complications of High Blood Pressure
If high blood pressure is not controlled when there is time, it can lead to various other serious medical problems including-
- Heart failure
- Kidney failure
- Heart attack
Controlling High Blood Pressure
At Middle Country Medical Care, as a part of hypertension treatment, we suggest our patients to bring following lifestyle changes:
- Lose weight
- Quit smoking
- Eat healthy diet
- Limit sodium or salt intake in food
- Limit alcohol consumption i.e. one to two drinks a day
- Take prescribed medication on time